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Islands Information

Since pre-historic times, these islands have been the home of aboriginal tribes. But the first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, the year after the First War of Indian Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen

Location Bay of Bengal
Longitude 92 to 94 Degree East
Latitude 6 to 14 Degree North
Andaman Islands
Saddle Peak (North Andaman Island) 732 Meters
Nicobar Islands
Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar Island) 642 Meters
Total Area Sq Km 8249
Andaman District - 6408
Nicobar District - 1841
Urban Area - 16.64
Rural Area - 8232.36
Length and Breadth of Andaman Islands
Total Length 467 km
Maximum Width 52 km
Average Width 24 km
Length and Breadth of Nicobar Islands
Total Length 259 km
Maximum Width 58km
Biggest Island in Andaman Group
Middle Andaman Island 1536 Sq km
Biggest Island in Nicobar Group
Great Nicobar Island 1045 Sq km
Smallest Island in Andaman Group
Ross Island 0.8 Sq km
Smallest Island in Nicobar Group
Pilomillow 1.3 Sq km
Distance by Sea (in km)
Between Port Blair & Chennai 1190
Between Port Blair & Calcutta 1255
Between Port Blair & Vishakhapatnam 1303
Distance by Air (in km)
Between Port Blair & Chennai 1330
Between Port Blair & Calcutta 1303
Administrative Unit Nos.
District 02
Sub – Division 04
Tehsil 07
Town 01
C.D.Block 05
Loksabha Seat 01
Municipal Council 01
Municipal Word 18
Panchayat Samiti 07
Zillah Parishad 01
Police Station 15
Panchayat 67
Island / Village Nos.
Revenue Village 204
Census Village 547
Inhabited Village 504
Uninhabited Village 43
Inhabited Island 36
Normal Rainfall at Port Blair 3180 mm
Actual Rainfall at Port Blair During 1999 2975.0 mm
Rainy Days at Port Blair During 1999 209
Mean Minimum Temperature at Port Blair During 1999 22.8 Degree Celsius
Mean Maximum Temperature at Port Blair During 1999 29.8 Degree Celsius
Mean Relative Humidity at Port Blair During 81 %
Total Population 1971 1981 1991 2001
  115133 188741 280661 356265
Male 70027 107261 154369 192985
Female 45106 81480 126292 163280
Rural Population 88915 139107 205706  
Male 53195 78401 111986  
Female 35720 60706 93720  
Urban Population 26218 49634 74955  
Male 16832 28860 42383  
Female 9386 20774 32572  
Religion 1971 1981 1991
Hindu 70134 121793 189521
Christian 30342 48274 67211
Muslim 11655 16188 21354
Sikh 865 991 1350
Buddhist 103 127 322
Jain 14 11 17
Others 2020 1357 886
(As per Census of India – 1st March 2001)
  Male Female Total
A & N Islands 1, 46, 536 1, 06, 409 2, 52, 945


Know Andamans

    The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located in the east of the Indian mainland geographically, float in splendid isolation in the Bay of Bengal. Once a hill range extending from Myanmar to Indonesia, these picturesque undulating islands, islets numbering around 556, are covered with dense damp and evergreen forests and endless varieties of exotic flora and fauna. Most of these islands are in the Andaman Group, 24 of which are inhabited. In the Nicobar group 13 islands are inhabited. The Andaman and Nicobars are separated by the Ten Degree Channel which is 150 Kms. wide. 

          These islands also boast of freedom fighting days, historically significant landmarks viz. Cellular Jail, Ross Island, Viper Island, Hopetown and Mount Harriet. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been declared as two of the 218 endemic bird area of the world. As many as 270 species and sub-species of birds have been reported existing in these islands, 106 of them being endemic. The Andaman Wood Pigeon, Andaman Padauk and Dugong are declared as State Bird, State Tree and State Animal respectively. There are about 96 Wildlife Sanctuaries, nine National Parks and one Biosphere Reserve in the islands. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is the best known sanctuary. These islands are blessed with the bounties of both south-west and north-east monsoons.

          Administratively, the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has three revenue Districts. Port Blair- the capital and gateway to the islands lies in South Andaman island and falls under South Andaman District. The latest North & Middle Andaman District with Mayabunder as headquarters lies separated from South Andaman District by a creek. Car Nicobar is the District Head quarter of Nicobar District. As per 2011 Census, the total population of Andaman & Nicobar stands 3,79,944 and the literacy rate is 86.27%. 

  Normal rainfall at Port Blair 3900 mm Weather Report
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Port Blair, IN


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  Mean Minimum Temperature 23.2° C
  Mean Maximum Temperature 25° C
  Mean relative Humidity 80 %

Tourist Places

Ross Island

Once the seat of British power and capital of these Islands, it stands now as a ruin of the bygone days with the old structure almost in debris. A sma ... Read More

Little Andaman Island

This island has a beautiful beach at Butler Bay, a waterfall and plantation of oil palms. Apart from this there are several sandy beaches all along th ... Read More